Contrasting Transmission Dynamics of Co-endemic Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum: Implications for Malaria Control and Elimination

This is the first investigation of the molecular epidemiology of malaria across multiple sites in Indonesia, and one of the first studies to demonstrate consistently greater diversity reflective of more stable transmission in P. vivax relative to P. falciparum in a range of endemic settings. The study highlighted the need for concerted efforts to target the major reservoirs of P. vivax infection if malaria elimination is to be successful in co-endemic regions.